CAM full form in computer|| History, working, processes, pros and cons!!

CAM full-form-in computer

CAM full form in computer: Computer-Aided Manufacturing.

CAM is the acronym for computer-aided manufacturing. It denotes a software setup that is used to control machines. This kinda setup is mostly used in manufacturing sectors. Computers and its commands help those machinery to work as per requirement. With complete accuracy and without any kind of error. But the fact is that CAMs are also used in various other sectors. Starting from planning, managing, transportation and even in storing sectors. However, every sector of a production unit needs machines. And since, the production work goes on a large scale. CAMs have become one of the most required software for them. Manual control is slightly near to impossible.

Coming to its history, the very first sectors that used CAM. Were automobile and aerospace industries. Since they are large scale producers, CAM is a must for them. Controlling and managing those machinery and tools manually. Were simply near to impossible for them. Industries like the Pierre Beziers developed the software named UNISURF. Moreover, it was a CAM based software and was used in controlling machines. Specially made for car body designing, dyeing and sculpting. However, knowing CAM full form in a computer is worth it.


CAM is a software and since it's a software. It is made of nothing, but only lines of code. As output, the CAM software gives out a simple text file. That file contains several packages of G and M-codes. Usually, they are nothing more than lines of code. These lines of G/M codes are then sent to an active tool. This is done via a DNC program or a simple USB cable.

The CAM software is smart. But even at the present time, its G-codes can't do logical reasoning. The way an engineer can. So, there are times, even big productions. Require manual engineers to work on their CAM software. The only work of these tech guys is to modify the G-code and run them accordingly. But the fact is that nothing can stand the mass productions. Even writing G-codes alone wouldn't save these production giants. They will always need manual attention. That is either experienced or are experts of the coding part. Big production companies have shifted their hiring process. Hiring mainly skilled and larned computer programmers. However, knowing CAM full form in computer is worth it.


The processes involved in machining work on a number of stages. Moreover, these stages work on complex techniques. All of which depends on the structure, design, object material and programs used.

Look at the following list of processes involved:

1. Roughing: The very initial step in machining is roughing. This is the step where the raw material is cut out in average shape. Not completely finished with accurate its dimensions. The cut-out shape is reshaped by using a CNC machine. Moreover, the rough and unplanned cutting often leaves step like constructions on the surface. Roughing's ultimate goal is to remove the most in leat time. This was never accurate and never will be.

2. Semi-finishing: The roughed out part is then given a partial finishing. This method cuts out the roughed out part into a better form. That approximates the look of final finished stuff. Semi finishing is the second step in reaching finishing.

3. Finishing: The last and final step is finishing one. In this process, the semi-finished part is refined to the final product. This is the step where the raw material completely converts into a usable one.

4. Contour milling: Above all, this process is utilized for complex stuff. That stuff which has, weird shapes. And are merely difficult to reach on. Could be easily handled and even shaped with this process. In technical terms, milling is meant for stuff having four axes. However, this could easily refine or make shapes that come with overlapping or intersecting geometries. Some of the most common examples being the turbine and the impeller blades. 


Above all, these are software that controls the manufacturing procedures. That is performed by artificial, mostly robotic systems. The process piping trainee can easily keep an eye on the process. That involves the movement of stuff from one setup to the other. Moreover, once the process gets completed successfully. The work moves to the checking of systematic packaging, synthesizing etc.

CAM is a software/system present on a computer. But it can do endless practical work. Capable of producing a lot of stuff. Some of them are listed below:

  • Candlestick holders,
  • Table legs,
  • Bowls,
  • Baseball bats,
  • Crankshafts,
  • Camshafts etc.

Going towards the physical processes. CAM is known to do a lot of stuff. Starting from wood-turning, metal-working, glass-working. Along with, spinning and optimizing them axis wise. This software helps to produce surfaces, screw threads, and different optical threads. That is likely made of glass, crystals, and sometimes of other metals also.


1. Software flexibility: This software provides flexible options to remake them. CAM allows its programmers to make rapid changes whenever required. Major behaviours can also be changed instantly.

2. Design flexibility: Likewise, CAMs also provides flexibility in designing. Programmers can easily do changes in its internal design. Mostly, to ease the internal structure. However, the design could also be changed to make the manufacturing easier. Technically, this process of design changing is known as prototyping.

3. Automatic specification checking: This software enables us to enable automatic specification checking. That is, the tester can easily test the internal design. Earlier, than the normal time, it is supposed to be.


1. Complex and tough: This software is getting smarter and faster day in and day out. The only reason being an advancement in its code inside. The easier they get, the more complex code they are written with. The process of learning and understanding these lines of code. Requires experience and knowledge. Consequently, making it hazardous for beginners.

2. Cost: CAMs are industrial software. Hence, it demands professional care and maintenance. It is disadvantageous, as this busy world can't maintain them smoothly. However, once spotted faulty, it demands an immediate response. Failing to do so, may result in its permanent failure.


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